The dominant symptom of a bunion is a big bulging bump on the inside of the base of the big toe. Other symptoms include swelling, soreness and redness around the big toe joint, a tough callus at the bottom of the big toe and persistent or intermittent pain. Diagnosis Before examining your foot, the doctor will ask you about the types of shoes you wear and how often you wear them. He or she also will ask if anyone else in your family has had bunions or if you have had any previous injury to the foot. Apply lotion or cream to your feet to keep your skin soft and smooth. However, never apply moisturizer between your toes—keep this area dry to avoid skin problems. Suffering from Chronic Foot Pain? Maybe it’s time to visit a pedorthist. A pedorthist is a healthcare professional with specific training in footwear. A credentialed pedorthist can help you select the right footwear and can create customized or modified inserts for your shoes. There’s no way around this one—you’ve got to change your shoes or you will never get rid of the bunion. The toes of any shoes you wear should be round or square, not pointy. Corns and calluses are thick skin layers caused by repetitive friction or pressure; they are generally caused by friction or pressure. Corns are thickened skin that turns hard, and feel like a kernel of corn on toes; corns form when your shoes don't fit properly. Calluses are thickened skin that generally forms on the soles of your feet or on the palms of your hands. Avoid extreme heel heights - but if you won't, then at least avoid walking in them for extended periods, or consider platforms or wedge heels as they take some pressure off the balls of the feet Blood is circulated throughout the human body by the strong, muscular pump called the heart. With each heartbeat, blood is pushed along through blood vessels called arteries that carry the oxygen and nutrient rich blood to all parts of the body including the legs and the feet. The individual cells in the body take up the oxygen and nutrients. Then a second set of blood vessels known as veins carry the oxygen depleted blood back to the heart and lungs to get more oxygen, and again be pumped throughout the body. Peripheral vascular disease may refer to arterial inflow disorders, (arterial insufficiency) or venous outflow disorders (venous insufficiency). The outlook depends on your age and activities, and the severity of the bunion. Teenagers may have more trouble treating a bunion than adults. Many adults do well by caring for the bunion when it first starts to develop, and wearing different shoes. Surgery reduces the pain in many, but not all, people with bunions. The thickening of the skin is a protective reaction. For example, farmers and rowers get callused hands that prevent them from getting painful blisters. People with bunions often develop a callus over the bunion because it rubs against the shoe. A bunion is a bony bump near the joint of the big toe that can be painful. It can be caused by wearing tight shoes, sustaining foot injuries, or may be a congenital birth defect. Bunions are permanent but aren't always painful unless the joint becomes inflamed. If you have a bunion, there are several ways you can try to prevent it from worsening. A bunion is a bump that emerges on the side of the big toe. This occurs when the big toe starts to lean toward the other toes. Bunions can be painful, but there are several home remedies to ease the pain. Foot and toe deformities can be surgically modified. Hammertoes can be made straighter. Bunions and bunionettes can be reduced. Irritating bone spurs can be removed. Deviated metatarsal bones can be repositioned. It is better to deal with these problems when you are healthy and your healing potential is greater; otherwise, there will come a time when you will just have to live with the deformities, limitations, inconveniences, corns and calluses and disabling, deformed toes and feet. To remove the callus tissue, we do not recommend commercial acid medications, which may cause blistering and infection. Trimming the callus should only be done with a pumice stone or regular sandpaper. A bunion is a foot condition that most people may not be familiar with, unless they happen to suffer from one. A bunion is a bump that forms on the toe joint - usually the big toe joint, which is technically known as the first metatarsophalangeal joint A bunion often causes a characteristic red, swollen bump on the top or side of the joint and results in a widening of the forefoot (toe area). These changes not only cause pain, but they make shoe wear difficult due to the widened forefoot and can create cosmetic concerns. If you have ever had experienced bunions, you know how painful they can be. After all, you can't expect the unusual enlargement of a joint at the bottom of the big toe to feel like a walk in the park. Inflammation is the cause of the condition and typically pressure and pain from footwear that fits poorly is a result of the condition. While people often attribute the footwear itself as the cause of the pain and the need for bunion splints, many experts believe that one's genes are actually the cause of the condition.